EC2 Instances will not keep elastic IP


So, I don’t understand what is going on here… I have (3) Micro EC2 Instances which are launched (without elastic ip)

I then go to Network Security->Elastic IPs and click associate IP address. I chose a running EC2 instance, that instance then uses the elastic ip.

If I stop, then start this SAME ec2 instance, it doesnt have the same previous elastic IP address and is instead some completely new IP address. This is messing up scripts that then depend on the previously associated elastic ip to that EC2 instance.

Why is this happening and why cant i get any of the (3) instances to adopt and keep this assigned elastic ip?


Elastic IPs become disassociated with EC2 instances (in EC2-Classic) when you stop them. You will need to re-associate them again on startup, which can be done through the API (via AssociateAddress), CLI (via ec2-associate-address), or via the AWS Console.

Here’s what the Elastic IP documentation has to say on the matter:

When you associate an EIP with an instance, the instance’s current
public IP address is released to the EC2-Classic public IP address
pool. If you disassociate an EIP from the instance, the instance is
automatically assigned a new public IP address within a few minutes.
In addition, stopping the instance also disassociates the EIP from it.

We solve this at work by tagging our dev instances (which are turned off overnight) with the desired elastic IP and run a script in the morning to first turn them on, and then re-associate the elastic IP.

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