How to Automatically Validate Code Syntax in GitHub Actions

How to Automatically Validate Code Syntax in GitHub Actions


Hey there, fellow techies! Today, we’re going to dive into a very valuable topic within the realm of Cloud and DevOps technologies – automatically validating code syntax using GitHub Actions. Automated syntax validation is a fantastic tool that can streamline development processes and significantly reduce the time and effort spent on code reviews. By catching syntax errors early in the development lifecycle, we can make our pipelines more efficient and robust. So, let’s get started!

Key Concepts

To ensure we’re all on the same page, let’s first clarify a few key concepts:

GitHub Actions

GitHub Actions is a CI/CD (Continuous Integration/Continuous Deployment) system built into GitHub. It allows you to automate, customize, and execute your software development workflows within your GitHub repository. You can create custom workflows for build, test, package, release, or deploy any project on GitHub.

Code Syntax Validation

Code syntax validation, also known as syntax checking or linting, is the process of analyzing source code to flag programming errors, bugs, stylistic errors, and suspicious constructs. This can be done manually, but it’s more often automated to make the process more efficient and reliable.

Now, let’s move on to our step-by-step guide.

Step-by-step Guide to Automatically Validate Code Syntax in GitHub Actions

For this guide, we’ll assume that we’re working with JavaScript code and will be using ESLint as our syntax checker. However, the general approach can be applied to other programming languages and syntax checkers.

Step 1: Install ESLint in Your Project

If you haven’t already, install ESLint locally in your project. You can do this by running the following command in your terminal:

Step 2: Set Up Your ESLint Configuration File

Create a new file in your project root directory called .eslintrc.json. You can configure ESLint rules as per your preferences in this file. For the sake of simplicity, let’s assume the following configuration:

Step 3: Create a GitHub Actions Workflow

Create a new file in your repository under the .github/workflows directory, let’s call it eslint.yml.

Step 4: Configure the Workflow

Open the eslint.yml file and configure it as follows:

With this configuration, on every push to any branch, the ESLint will run and check for syntax errors in your JavaScript code.


By automating syntax validation in your GitHub Actions workflows, you can catch and fix syntax errors early in the development process, making your code more robust and reliable. This is a wonderful example of how we can leverage automation to make our lives as developers easier and more productive. So keep coding, keep automating, and keep refining your craft!