How to Open a Specific Port (e.g., 80) in Google Compute Engine

How to Open a Specific Port (e.g., 80) in Google Compute Engine


Google Compute Engine (GCE) is a cloud computing service that allows users to deploy and manage virtual machines (VMs) on Google Cloud Platform (GCP). By default, GCE instances have strict firewall rules to enhance security. However, there are instances when you need to open specific ports, like port 80, to allow access to certain applications or services running on your VM.

In this tutorial, we will walk you through the step-by-step process of opening port 80 on Google Compute Engine instances, ensuring your application can communicate with the outside world securely.

Step 1: Accessing Google Cloud Console

First, log in to your Google Cloud Console ( using your Google account credentials. Make sure you have a project set up where you have the appropriate permissions to modify VM instances and firewall rules.

Step 2: Navigating to Compute Engine

Once you are in the Google Cloud Console, navigate to the Compute Engine section from the left-hand side menu. Under the Compute Engine, you will see the “VM Instances” tab, which lists all your virtual machine instances.

Step 3: Selecting the VM Instance

Choose the VM instance to which you want to open port 80. Click on the instance name to access its configuration details.

Step 4: Editing VM Instance Firewall

On the VM instance details page, click on the “Edit” button to modify the instance settings.

Step 5: Adding a Firewall Rule

Scroll down to the “Firewalls” section, where you can define the rules for allowing inbound and outbound traffic to the instance. Click on the “Add firewall rule” button to create a new rule.

Step 6: Configuring the Firewall Rule

A form will appear, prompting you to configure the new firewall rule. Here are the details to fill in:

  • Name: Give a descriptive name to the firewall rule, such as “allow-80”.
  • Direction of traffic: Choose “Ingress” to allow inbound traffic.
  • Action: Select “Allow” to permit traffic that matches this rule.
  • Targets: Leave it as “All instances in the network”.
  • Source IP ranges: Enter “” to allow traffic from any IP address. Alternatively, you can specify a specific IP range if you want to restrict access.
  • Protocols and ports: Choose “Specified protocols and ports” and enter “tcp:80” in the text box to allow TCP traffic on port 80.
  • Priority: Set the priority of the rule. Rules with lower numeric values have higher priorities, and higher priority rules take precedence in case of conflicts.

Step 7: Saving the Firewall Rule

After configuring the firewall rule, click on the “Create” button to save the changes. The new rule will now allow incoming traffic on port 80 for your VM instance.

Step 8: Verifying the Rule

To verify that the new firewall rule is in effect, you can check the VM instance details and ensure that the “allow-80” rule is listed under the “Firewalls” section.


Opening a specific port, such as port 80, on Google Compute Engine instances is essential for allowing traffic to reach your applications or services. By following the step-by-step instructions in this tutorial, you can easily configure the necessary firewall rules to enable communication through the desired port securely.

Remember, while opening ports can be crucial for certain applications, it is vital to maintain proper security measures to protect your VM instances from potential threats. Always follow the principle of least privilege and restrict access to ports and services only to trusted sources whenever possible. Happy computing on Google Cloud Platform!