Note: For this question, when I refer to “Windows drivers” I mean .inf and associated files which can otherwise be installed by right-clicking the .inf and clicking “Install” in Windows Explorer. I do not mean any kind of setup.exe-style executable which might install a driver.
There exists the following:
Get-WindowsDriver -online– a Powershell Cmdlet that outputs the currently-installed drivers of the running system
Add-WindowsDriver– a Powershell Cmdlet that adds a driver to an offline image. The corresponding
Remove-WindowsDrivercan be used to remove a driver from an offline image.
dpinst.exe– a command line tool that can be used to install a driver to the running system.
dpinst.exe /ucan be used with the to uninstall drivers.
I have not, however, found a corresponding Powershell Cmdlet that supports installing and uninstalling drivers on the running system. I’m sure I could wrap
dpinst.exe in some powershell, but I’d like to avoid mapping command line parameters and parsing output if a more Powershell-native method exists.
Do Powershell Cmdlets exist that install and uninstall Windows drivers on the running system? Is there some other way to install and uninstall Windows drivers using Powershell that does not involve
Not only are there not PowerShell cmdlets for this, it seems there isn’t even managed code to do it within the .Net framework (what follows is basically a translation of that answer into PowerShell).
Luckily, the .Net framework can call windows APIs through platform invoke (p/invoke), and PowerShell can do so too.
The linked answer shows how to do it in C#. To do it powershell we’ll use the same signature that was generated in that answer, and use it with the
Add-Type cmdlet (see example 5) to make it available to your script.
$signature = @"
[DllImport("Setupapi.dll", EntryPoint="InstallHinfSection", CallingConvention=CallingConvention.StdCall)]
public static extern void InstallHinfSection(
[In] IntPtr hwnd,
[In] IntPtr ModuleHandle,
[In, MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.LPWStr)] string CmdLineBuffer,
$Win32Functions = Add-Type -MemberDefinition $signature -UsingNamespace System.Runtime.InteropServices -Name Win32SInstallHinfSection -Namespace Win32Functions -PassThru
$Win32Functions::InstallHinfSection([IntPtr]::Zero, [IntPtr]::Zero, "
See the MSDN documentation for InstallHinfSection for details on the parameters (particularly the string format).