Check string for all lowercase letters in PowerShell

Question:

I want to be able to test if a PowerShell string is all lowercase letters.

I am not the worlds best regex monkey, but I have been trying along these lines:

But of course they doesn’t work, and searching the Internet hasn’t got me anywhere. Is there a way to do this (besides testing every character in a loop)?

Answer:

PowerShell by default matches case-insensitively, so you need to use the -cmatch operator:

-cmatch is always case-sensitive, while -imatch is always case-insensitive.

Side note: Your regular expression was also a little weird. Basically you want the one I provided here which consists of

  • The anchor for the start of the string (^)
  • A character class of lower-case Latin letters ([a-z])
  • A quantifier, telling to repeat the character class at least 0 times, thereby matching as many characters as needed (*). You can use + instead to disallow an empty string.
  • The anchor for the end of the string ($). The two anchors make sure that the regular expression has to match every character in the string. If you’d just use [a-z]* then this would match any string that has a string of at least 0 lower-case letters somewhere in it. Which would be every string.

P.S.: Ahmad has a point, though, that if your string might consist of other things than letters too and you want to make sure that every letter in it is lower-case, instead of also requiring that the string consists solely of letters, then you have to invert the character class, sort of:

The ^ at the start of the character class inverts the class, matching every character not included. Thereby this regular expression would only fail if the string contains upper-case letters somewhere. Still, the -cmatch is still needed.

Source:

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